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Worship Bassist’s Toolkit – Transcription by Steven Gregory

Welcome to the next article in my “Worship Bassist’s Toolkit” series.  In this series, we are thinking about tools that worship bassists must have available, maintained, and ready to use in order to create passionate, musical worship.  Rather than the physical tools that are required for our craft, we have investigated musical tools such as fretboard knowledge and technique awareness.  In this article, we will examine another musical tool:  transcription.

Transcription, which is listening to music and translating it into a written form, is a skill that is critical for all musicians to practice.  Those who transcribe regularly experience amazing increase in their musical abilities and understanding.  In truth, more than one article is required to thoroughly investigate the art of transcription and I will most certainly dedicate future articles to this topic.  However, transcription of music is definitely a tool that worship bassists must have in their toolkit, so this article will give an overview of transcription and look at the practical application of transcription for worship bassists.

Transcription has become a vital tool for the worship bassist due to the regular practice of worship teams using recordings, rather than sheet music, to learn songs.  As worship team members, our job is to learn the songs from the recordings and be ready to play them in performance by the next Sunday.  One approach to this task is to learn the songs by ear, without transferring the information to paper.  This is certainly a valid way to learn tunes and can be, in certain situations, the right choice.  If our charge is to bring our best to worship and provide a depth of understanding to the songs, transcription is the better option.  Transcription allows the worship bassist to analyze song structure, chord progressions, dynamic changes, and other important elements in addition to the bass line.  The act of translating from an aural to visual format forces the music to be truly understood, rather than accepting a superficial grasp of a song.

If never or rarely done, transcription can be a daunting task.  As with many things, the best way to learn to transcribe is to do a lot of transcriptions!  To help, break down transcription into smaller steps:

1. Listen.  This is the obvious first step, but consider taking this step without having your instrument in hand and paper and pen at the ready.  Just listen to the song, without distraction.  Use a quality system for this – whether you use headphones or speakers is completely up to you.  If you have taken the crazy step of actually giving yourself a few days to transcribe your music, listening with different systems can help.  I often do my main transcription work at home with headphones, but listen to the songs when I am driving in my car as well.  For larger transcription projects, I have often been surprised at what I notice distinctly in the car that was less noticeable at home.  Take your time and listen to the song.

2. Learn.  Start the learning process still away from pen and paper – try to separate the bass line in your mind and hear the rhythm and harmony that you will be playing.  Also mentally take note of the basic song structure.  If there are certain parts of the line and/or song that are noteworthy, listen to them carefully and take notice that this part will need extra attention later.

3. Write. Depending on your situation, you may need to translate the recording into a chord chart with notes about the bass line, a note-for-note transcription of the bass line, or a hybrid of the two.  For basic tunes, I often do a chord transcription along with bass line elements.  When approaching a more difficult section or song, I prefer to do a strict note-for-note transcription.  Even when doing a basic chord transcription, use staff paper so that you can translate the music across the measures appropriately. In any transcription, mark song sections, use repeats and endings, and notate as much as possible.

During this stage, you often will need to incorporate the use of your instrument to determine the harmony and bass line elements you are transcribing.  When you do use your instrument, make sure that you are careful to not play over parts in a way that blocks you from hearing the actual recorded bass line.  Using your ears to determine what is being played on the recording is key here, not focusing on your playing.

4. Edit.  Once you’ve been through the transcription, go back and listen with a critical ear.  Make sure your notation is correct and you have accurately transcribed the song.  This is also an excellent opportunity to mark dynamics and make notes on the page to alert you to tricky spots.  Any extra performance notes should be added at this time.

5. Play.  Play along with your transcription, correct any mistakes, and add final notes.  This is also the stage where you can learn the bass-specific technical intricacies necessary to play the part you have just transcribed.

When you have completed this process you have trained your ears, learned a song, and brought forth performance elements that should be considered in rehearsal.  In addition, your chart will save a lot of time the next time the song shows up on the set list.  Rather than learning the music superficially and forgetting the song immediately after performance, you have obtained a wealth of knowledge about the song and have given yourself a platform from which you can bring your very best to worship.

Transcription is an essential tool for worship bassists to have available, maintained, and ready to use. As I mentioned above, this article is only the start of a discussion on transcription.  I would love to hear about your experiences with transcription – leave a comment below!

Until next time, I hope that your bass playing is blessed and that you can bless others through your bass playing!

6 Comments

6 Comments

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  3. Russell Hall

    October 12, 2011 at 1:08 pm

    Good topic, Steve (as usual). Thanks!

    Do you ever use any computer tools or hardware for transcribing? If so, what have you found that works?

  4. Steve Gregory

    Steve Gregory

    October 17, 2011 at 11:23 am

    Hi Russell,

    I do not typically use software tools for transcribing. This is largely because my mentor was a huge proponent of transcribing straight off of the recording. This is so that the ear is trained (pushed) and the mechanical skills of playing the transcribed material are developed along the way. I still think this is the best method for transcribing, especially for pushing the ear and mind to capture the music.

    Having said that, there are times when software could be a great help. I once inspected a single beat through software – it was a live recording and the crowd+kick drum+low bass signal made me unsure of whether the beat was a single quarter note with the kick playing 2 eighths or if the bass followed with 2 eighths as well. I was finally able to make a determination, but it definitely took several passes.

    The only two software packages I’ve seen are Transcribe! and Amazing Slow Downer. I am sure there are others out there, I just don’t know about them. If you are interested in Transcribe! or ASD, I believe they both offer free trials.

    Steve

  5. Jim

    October 19, 2011 at 5:16 am

    Thanks for this very practical and clear suggestions. In my experience, I listen to the song and do as much as you do—listen as much as possible before I actually transcribe. When transcription time comes, I listen at a certain section and transcribe right away until I finish the song then practice away. I have to adopt some of your suggestions to really have a better understanding of the songs and not just remembering or “imitating” the bass lines. I’ve recently discovered OnSong which made transcribing a lot easier. Sharing the transcript/music sheet is also very easy. 😀 thanks again and God bless!

  6. Steve Gregory

    Steve Gregory

    October 28, 2011 at 10:58 am

    Jim,

    Glad you liked the article. It sounds like you have a great system of transcription going on! I think that the step of listening without instrument and pen in hand is a such an important step to take. I’m always amazed at what the ears can “reach out” and hear when there is no distraction!

    Regarding understanding the songs better, I’m happy to hear that point spoke to you. When I approach a song with the mindset that I am going to strive to understand the entire song (not just the bass line), I find that my playing becomes more musical and less “forced”. I have had a lot of fun using this approach in my worship setting and working on the “musical conversation” that happens when I learn the line, internalize the line, and then weave the line into the whole band.

    I haven’t heard of OnSong before – I’ll definitely check that out!

    Steve

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